Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions and relate to others. It is a complex, long-term medical illness.
Due to complexity of schizophrenia there are misconceptions about the disease. Schizophrenia does not mean split personality or multiple-personality.Most people with schizophrenia are not aggressive, and are more likely to be victims of violence rather than perpetrators. Schizophrenic people are commonly exploited and victimized by violent crime as part of a broader dynamic of social exclusion.
There is no cure for schizophrenia, but it can be treated and managed in several ways. People with schizophrenia can live productive and fulfilling life with help and support of friends & family.
- Schizophrenia isn’t caused by just one genetic variation, but a complex interplay of genetics and environmental influences. Heredity does play a strong role. So family history of schizophrenia is one of causes.
- Exposure to viruses or malnutrition before birth, particularly in the first and second trimesters has been shown to increase the risk of schizophrenia.
- Brain chemistry. Problems with certain brain chemicals, including neurotransmitters called dopamine and glutamate, may contribute to schizophrenia.
- Substance use. Some studies have suggested that taking mind-altering drugs during teen years and young adulthood can increase the risk of schizophrenia
- Delusions: These are false, mixed, and sometimes strange beliefs that aren’t based in reality and that the person refuses to give up, even when shown the facts.
- Hallucinations: hearing, seeing or feeling things that are not there
- Catatonia: In this condition, the person may stop speaking, and their body may be fixed in a single position for a very long time.
- Talking in sentences that don’t make sense or using nonsense words, making it difficult for the person to communicate or hold a conversation
- Shifting quickly from one thought to the next without obvious or logical connections between them.Writing excessively but without meaning.
- Unbale to understand information and using it to make decisions. Difficulty in concentrating and focusing on tasks.Forgetting or losing things.
- Repeating movements or gestures, like pacing or walking in circles
- Lack of emotion or a limited range of emotions
- Withdrawal from family, friends, and social activities
- Less energy. Constant desire to lie down.
- Lack of motivation.Loss of pleasure or interest in life.
- Poor hygiene and grooming habits.
Coping and Support:
- Learn about schizophrenia. Education about the disorder can help the person with schizophrenia understand the importance of sticking to the treatment plan. Education can help friends and family understand the disorder and be more compassionate with the person who has it.
- Stay focused on goals. Managing schizophrenia is an ongoing process. Keeping treatment goals in mind can help the person with schizophrenia stay motivated. Help your loved one remember to take responsibility for managing the disorder and working toward goals.
- Avoid alcohol and drug use. Using alcohol, nicotine or recreational drugs can make it difficult to treat schizophrenia
Homeopathy can help effectively in managing schizophrenia. Homeopathic medicines does not intervene in chemical functions instead it helps in balancing neuro-chemicals, neuro-transmitters. Patient doesn’t get dependent on homeopathic medicines. There are no adverse side effects of medications. With help of homeopathic medicine relapses can be minimized or prevented.
- Hyocymus Niger : Patient is full of hallucinations. He imagines all sorts of things concerning people, concerning himself, and he gets suspicious. Suspicion runs through acute sickness; it runs through the mania in insanity, Suspicion that his wife is going to poison him; that his wife is untrue to him. Suspicious of everybody. “Refuses to take medicine because it is poisoned.” “Imagines that he is pursued, that the people have all turned against him, that his friends are no longer his friends.
- Stramonium: Very changeable disposition ; alternating anticipation of death and rage ;loud laughing and groaning.Attacks of rage with beating and striking persons.Loquacious delirium and mania. Loquacious, garrulous, laughing, singing, swearing, praying, rhyming. Sees ghosts, hears voices, talks with spirits. Rapid changes from joy to sadness. Violent and lewd. Delusions about his identity; thinks himself tall, double, a part missing.
- Cannibas indica: Remarkable hallucinations and imaginations, exaggeration of the duration of time and extent of space, being most characteristic. Ideas crowd upon each other.Excessive loquacity; exuberance of spirits. Time seems too long; seconds seem ages; a few rods an immense distance. Constantly theorizing. Anxious depression; constant fear of becoming insane. \
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