Cancer

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Cancer

Neoplasm or tumour is a mass of tissue formed as a result of abnormal, excessive, uncoordinated ,autonous & purposeless proliferation of cells.

Neoplasm may be ‘benign’ when they are slow growing & localised without causing much difficulty to the host or ‘malignant’ when they proliferates rapidly, spreads throughout the body & may eventually cause death of the host.
The common term used for all malignant tumours is cancer.

Causes
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Tobacco chewing
  • Exposure to radiations
  • Alcohol
  • Food additives
  • Pollutions
  • Occupation-Asbestos,Aniline dyes,UV light
  • Sexual behaviour
  • Medicines & Medical procedures-Cytotonins
  • Infections-Schistomiassis, Human papillomo virus 16 & 17
  • Genetics-
    • # Breast cancer gene 1/2- Breast & ovareian cancer
    • # Hereditary non-polyposis coloreted cancer gene-colon & endometrial cancer
  • Adenopolyposis coli gene – colorectal cancer
Investigations
  • Endoscopy, Bronchoscope, Colonoscopy
  • USG & X-ray
  • CT-Scan
  • Biopsy or fine needle aspirates
  • Bone scan
  • Tumor markers in blood
Role of Homoeopathy
  • Endoscopy, Bronchoscope, Colonoscopy
  • USG & X-ray
  • CT-Scan
  • Biopsy or fine needle aspirates
  • Bone scan
  • Tumor markers in blood
Haemorrhage

 Local features according to site of cancer

Investigations
  • Lump
  • Pain
  • Obstrutions
  • Abdominal Swelling [ascites]
  • Skin abnormalitis
Systemic Features:
  • Height loss & Anorexia [loss of appetite]
  • Fatigue, Malaise
  • Fever, Drowsiness
  • Malnutrition, General ill-health
Complications
  • Sepsis / Fever
  • Spinal cord compression
  • Metastasis to various organs & adjacent organ
  • Hypercalcaemid
  • Cardiac Temponade
  • Superior vena caval obstrution

Popular Procedures

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