There are two main types: typical and atypical trigeminal neuralgia:
- The typical form results in episodes of severe, sudden, shock-like pain in one side of the face that lasts for seconds to a few minutes. Groups of these episodes can occur over a few hours.
- The atypical form results in a constant burning pain that is less severe Episodes may be triggered by any touch to the face.
- Severe episodes of shooting ,jabbing pain that feel like electric shocks.
- Sudden attack of pain triggered by stimuli that are usually not painful such as by touching the face,chewing ,speaking or brushing teeth
- Pain affecting one side of the face at a time, may rarely affect both sides of the face.
- Spams of pain which last from a couple of seconds to a couple of minutes ,Attacks that become more frequent and intense over time.
- Episodes of several attacks lasting days, weeks, months or longer — some people have periods when they experience no pain
- Constant aching, burning feeling that may occur before it evolves into the spasm-like pain of trigeminal neuralgia
- Tingling and numbness in the face before pain develops.
The main cause of trigeminal neuralgia is blood vessels pressing on the root of nerve. The trigeminal nerve’s function is disrupted. Usually, the problem is contact between a normal blood vessel in this case, an artery or a vein and the trigeminal nerve at the base of your brain.
This makes the nerve transmit pain signals that are experienced as stabbing pains.
Trigeminal neuralgia can occur as a result of aging, or it can be related to multiple sclerosis ortumor compressing nerve, a similar disorder that damages the myelin sheath protecting certain nerves.
A variety of triggers may set off the pain of trigeminal neuralgia, including:
- Touching gently to face
- Brushing teeth
- Blowing the nose
- Drinking hot or cold drinks
- Having wind or breeze blow on face
- Applying makeup
As per the latest research trigeminal neuralgia may be caused by an,
Self devaluation conflict – for example, concerning one’s look or reputation
- Colocynth : Colocynth works efficiently in cases of trigeminal neuralgia where facial pains are violent, shooting, and stitching in character. Numbness may follow neuralgic pains and get better by pressure. There are tearing pains in the cheeks, stitches in upper jaw which reoccur frequently. Facial neuralgia and toothache remain confined to one side.
- Hypericum : Hypericum is a highly beneficial medicine in cases where the trigeminal neuralgia starts after a nerve injury. Pains in the face are sharp, shooting, tearing or violent. There is marked tingling, burning, numbness in the affected area of the face. Facial neuralgia and toothache are present. Tension and tearing in the cheek may also be present.
- Spigelia: Spigelia markedly affects the nervous system, particularly the Trigeminal nerve. It positively influences the heart, eyes and the head. Stabbing pains which make the patient shudder. Pains come suddenly and go suddenly.Violent tearing, burning, jerking pains in individuals who are very sensitive to touch.
- Magnesium Phos: Used to control pain. Supra or infra-orbital facial neuralgia, especially right-sided neuralgic pains. Pain occurs in unbearable paroxysms, lightening-like pains, driving the patient to frenzy. Pains are cramping, shooting, spasmodic, sharp, cutting, stabbing; they come and go suddenly.
- Platinum Metallicum: A useful remedy where there is a constrictive pain, numbness, profuse lachrymation.The pains are cramping, causing numbness and tingling; pain at the root of the nose or in the other part of the body as if squeezed in a vise. Neuralgias from hollow teeth,
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