Oesophageal cancer

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TREATMENT

Oesophageal cancer

Cancer of the tube that runs from the throat to the stomach. Oesophageal cancer usually begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus.
oesophagus
Symptoms
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Chest pain
  • Worsening indigestion
  • Heartburn and coughing or hoarseness
Causes

It’s not exactly clear what causes oesophageal cancer.
Oesophageal cancer occurs when cells in the oesophagus develop changes (mutations)in their DNA.
The changes make cells grow and divide out of control.
The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumour in the oesophagus that can grow to invade nearby structures and spread to other parts of the body.

Types
  • Adenocarcinoma- begins in the cells of Mucus-Secreting Glands in the Oesophagus.
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma- Occurs in the upper and middle portion of the Oesophagus.
  • Rare type – Small Cell Carcinoma, Sarcoma, Lymphoma, Melanoma and Choriocarcinoma.
Risk Factors
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux disease
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Drinking alcohol
  • The habit of drinking hot liquids
Prevention
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat more fruits and liquids
  • Maintain a healthy diet and weight
* Note – Above medicines are for knowledge purpose only. Take the medication only after doctor’s consultation. Do not self medicate

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