Eczema / Atopic Dermatitis

Eczema is a term for a group of conditions that make your skin inflamed or irritated. It is a chronic non-contagious skin condition characterized by red, itchy skin. The most common type is atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema. “Atopic” refers to a person’s tendency to get allergic conditions such as asthma and hay fever.

Symptoms :

Atopic dermatitis (eczema) signs and symptoms vary widely from person to person and include:

  • Dry skin.
  • Itching, which may be severe, especially at night.
  • Red to brownish-grey patches, especially on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, inside the bend of the elbows and knees, and in infants, the face and scalp.
  • Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched.
  • Thickened, cracked, scaly skin.
  • Raw, sensitive, swollen skin from scratching.
What are the Types of Eczema?

When people refer to eczema, they usually mean atopic dermatitis, which is characterized as dry, itchy skin that often appears with a red rash. This is the most common and chronic type of eczema.

Other types include:

  • Contact Dermatitis : Contact dermatitis is caused by contact with irritants. Burning, itching, and redness occur. The inflammation goes away when the irritant is removed.
  • Dyshidrotic Dermatitis : Dyshidrotic dermatitis affects fingers, palms of the hands, and soles of the feet. It causes itchy, scaly patches of skin that flake or become red, cracked, and painful. The condition is more common in women.
  • Nummular Dermatitis : Nummular dermatitis causes dry, round patches of skin in the winter months. It usually affects the legs. It’s more common in men. It is triggered by an insect bite or after contact with some chemicals, metals.
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis : This happens in areas of your body with lots of oil glands. When it’s on your scalp, it’s called dandruff.
  • Stasis Dermatitis : This typically happens in people who have poor blood flow, usually in the lower legs, commonly occurs in bedridden patients.
What Causes Eczema?
  • Altered Immune System: It’s believed to be triggered by an overactive immune system that responds aggressively when exposed to irritants. Normally, the immune system ignores proteins that are part of the human body and attacks only the proteins of invaders, such as bacteria or viruses. In eczema, the immune system loses the ability to tell the difference between the two, which causes inflammation.
  • Environmental Factors: seasonal allergies like pollen grains, high pollution.
  • Chronic Stress

Common triggers of eczema flare-ups include:

  • Chemicals found in cleaners and detergents that dry out the skin.
  • Rough scratchy material, like wool.
  • Synthetic fabrics.
  • Raised body temperature.
  • Sweating
  • Temperature changes.
  • Food allergies.
  • Animal dander.
  • Upper respiratory infections.
Homoeopathic Approach :
Homoeopathy helps by correcting the overactivity of immune response to the factor which has caused it and also helps to balance the histamine release, thereby helping in skin irritation.
Homoeopathic Invention :
As per the latest research, eczema may be caused to a separation conflict Babies develop eczema around the mouth and on the cheeks when the mother stops breastfeeding too abruptly. Children also experience when they are scolded, punished or abused when a new sibling is born who gets more attention when the parents split up when they are put into daycare, kindergarten or to relatives’ separation from something that one is no longer allowed or able to touch (e.g., a musical instrument, keyboard, tennis racket, golf club, steering wheel.
Homoeopathic Medication :
  • Graphitis : Graphitis is useful in eczema which is crusty, moist, yellow and sticky. Patches are mostly seen in folds of joints like the elbow, knees or groin. Skin becomes very dry, cracked, red itchy and painful.
  • Sulphur : Sulphur is suited when itching and burning are intense. The itching is so severe patient scratches it till it bleeds and then feels burning underneath. Itching is worse in the evening and night, especially when in bed. Sleep is affected due to itching.
  • Arsenic Album : Eruptions are dry, rough, and popular with scales on them. The patient feels better with warm applications and warm drinks. They have a burning sensation.
  • Calcarea Carb : It is useful in moist, discharging eczemas particular on the scalp. It is mostly suited to young people.
  • Cicuta : Eruptions with thick scabs like yellow dried honey. Eczema around cheeks, chin and scalp. Eczema is very itchy and burning is there.
* Note – Above medicines are for knowledge purpose only. Take the medication only after doctor’s consultation. Do not self medicate

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