Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease is a disorder that affects the kidneys and other organs. Clusters of fluid-filled sacs, called cysts, develop in the kidneys and interfere with their ability to filter waste products from the blood.
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys; Cysts are noncancerous round sacs containing fluid. The cysts vary in size, and they can grow very large. Having many cysts or large cysts can damage your kidneys. The disease can cause serious complications, including high blood pressure and kidney failure
Polycystic kidney disease symptoms can include:
- High blood pressure
- A feeling of fullness in your abdomen
- Increased size of your abdomen due to enlarged kidneys
- Kidney stones
- Kidney failure
- pain or tenderness in the abdomen
- Blood in the urine
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Kidney stones
- Pain or heaviness in the back
- Skin that bruises easily
- Pale skin color
- Joint pain
- Nail abnormalities
Autosomal Recessive Inheritance Pattern: Abnormal genes cause polycystic kidney disease, which means that in most cases, the disease runs in families. Sometimes, a genetic mutation occurs on its own (spontaneous), so that neither parent has a copy of the mutated gene.
The two main types of polycystic kidney disease, caused by different genetic flaws, are :
- Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD): Signs and symptoms of ADPKD often develop between the ages of 30 and 40. In the past, this type was called adult polycystic kidney disease, but children can develop the disorder. Only one parent needs to have the disease for it to pass to the children. If one parent has ADPKD, each child has a 50% chance of getting the disease. This form accounts for most of the cases of polycystic kidney disease.
- Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD): The signs and symptoms often appear shortly after birth. Sometimes, symptoms don’t appear until later in childhood or during adolescence. Both parents must have abnormal genes to pass on this form of the disease. If both parents carry a gene for this disorder, each child has a 25% chance of getting the disease.
How is PKD Diagnosed ?
- Abdominal Ultrasound.
- Abdominal CT Scan : This test can detect smaller cysts in the kidneys.
- Abdominal MRI Scan : To visualize kidney structure and look for cysts.
- Intravenous Pyelogram : This test uses a dye to make your blood vessels show up more clearly on an X-ray.
Scope of Homoeopathy :
Homeopathy aims to strengthen the immune system and it also tries to correct genetic tendencies. Overall, homeopathy enhances the immunity of the patient, and thereby symptoms can be effectively managed.
Homoeopathic Medicines :
- Kali Chloricum 30 : Kali chloricum is best for polycystic kidney disease with violent nephritis. The urine is scanty, dark, albuminous, and contains casts.
- Lycopodium Clavatum 30 : Lycopodium is an effective remedy for polycystic kidney disease with kidney failure. There is a high level of creatinine in the blood. Urine scanty cries before urinating, red sand in urine, must strain, suppressed or retained. Urine milky and turbid. Sometimes haematuria. Urine is burning and hot. The right kidney is mainly affected.
- Mercurius Corrosivus 30 : Mercurius cor is indicated in a large white kidney. The urine is scanty, red, with albumin and casts. The urine is hot, burning, and passed drop by drop with much tenesmus of the bladder. There is lumbar pain and great dyspnea. Also, there is swelling of the feet.
- Plumbum Metallicum : Plumbum met is prescribed where there are granular degenerations of the kidneys with a tendency to uraemic convulsions. Kidney contracted. There is dropsy, sallow face, emaciation, and Oedema about the ankles. The urine is albuminous having low specific gravity. The patient is always constipated.
- Phosphorus : Polycystic kidney disease with nephritis. There is hematuria in acute nephritis, urinates pure blood. Urine turbid, brown with red sediment. There is lassitude of the whole body, hands, and feet icy cold, sleepiness there is edema of the upper eyelids and face. Vomiting and gastric symptoms are usually present.
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