Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. The term “spectrum” in autism spectrum disorder refers to the wide range of symptoms and severity.
Autism spectrum disorder includes conditions that were previously considered separate — autism, Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and an unspecified form of pervasive developmental disorder. Some people still use the term “Asperger’s syndrome,” which is generally thought to be at the mild end of autism spectrum disorder.
Autism spectrum disorder begins in early childhood and eventually causes problems functioning in society — socially, in school and at work, for example. Often children show symptoms of autism within the first year. A small number of children appear to develop normally in the first year, and then go through a period of regression between 18 and 24 months of age when they develop autism symptoms.
- reduced eye contact, lack of response to their name or indifference to caregivers.
- withdrawn or aggressive or lose language skills they’ve already acquired. Signs usually are seen by age 2 years.
Each child with autism spectrum disorder is likely to have a unique pattern of behavior and level of severity — from low functioning to high functioning.
- Some children have difficulty learning, and some have signs of lower than normal intelligence. Other children with the disorder have normal to high intelligence — they learn quickly, yet have trouble communicating and applying what they know in everyday life and adjusting to social situations.
Below are some common signs shown by children who have autism spectrum disorder:
SOCIAL COMMUNICATION AND INTERACTION
- Fails to respond to his or her name or appears not to hear you at times
- Resists cuddling and holding, and seems to prefer playing alone, retreating into his or her own world
- Has poor eye contact and lacks facial expression
- Doesn’t speak or has delayed speech, or loses previous ability to say words or sentences
- Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm and may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech
- Repeats words or phrases verbatim, but doesn’t understand how to use them
- Doesn’t appear to understand simple questions or directions
- Doesn’t express emotions or feelings and appears unaware of others’ feelings
PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR
- Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand flapping
- Performs activities that could cause self-harm, such as biting or head-banging
- Is fascinated by details of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car, but doesn’t understand the overall purpose or function of the object
- Is unusually sensitive to light, sound or touch, yet may be indifferent to pain or temperature
- Fixates on an object or activity with abnormal intensity or focus
- Has specific food preferences, such as eating only a few foods, or refusing foods with a certain texture
Signs of autism spectrum disorder often appear early in development when there are obvious delays in language skills and social interactions. Your doctor may recommend developmental tests to identify if your child has delays in cognitive, language and social skills, if your child:
- Doesn’t respond with a smile or happy expression by 6 months
- Doesn’t mimic sounds or facial expressions by 9 months
- Doesn’t babble by 12 months
- Doesn’t gesture — such as point or wave — by 14 months
- Doesn’t say single words by 16 months
- Doesn’t play “make-believe” or pretend by 18 months
- Doesn’t say two-word phrases by 24 months
- Loses language skills or social skills at any age
Autism spectrum disorder has no single known cause. Given the complexity of the disorder, and the fact that symptoms and severity vary, there are probably many causes. Both genetics and environment may play a role.
- Genetics: Several different genes appear to be involved in autism spectrum disorder. For some children, autism spectrum disorder can be associated with a genetic disorder, such as Rett syndrome or fragile X syndrome. For other children, genetic changes (mutations) may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder.. Some genetic mutations seem to be inherited, while others occur spontaneously.
- Environmental factors: Researchers are currently exploring whether factors such as viral infections, medications or complications during pregnancy, or air pollutants play a role in triggering autism spectrum disorder.
Causes of Autism
- Genetic problems or syndromes;
- Severe infections that affect the brain (meningitis, celiac disease, encephalitis, etc.)
- Exposure to toxins or illness during pregnancy (rubella, chemicals, etc.)
If Autism is not treated it leads to –
– Severe restlessness
-Problems due to sensitivity
Merits of homeopathy in autism cases still remain shadowed from the general population
- Reduces hyperactivity, behavioural dysfunction, sensory impairment as well as communication difficulty
- Medicines are easy to take
- Improves the behaviour and concentration.
- The scope of homeopathy treatment in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is very good. It is because homeopathy treats the patient as a whole. The proper constitutional homeopathy treatment basing upon the existing physical, mental, psychological and behavioral symptoms can cure the autistic spectrum disorder successfully.
- The characteristic symptoms relate mainly to the brain and nervous system, connected with gastro-intestinal disturbance.
- Restless; anxious; disconnected; uneasy and violent;
- Inability to think, to fix the attention.
- Anguish, crying, and expression of uneasiness and discontent, lead to this remedy most frequently in disease in children
- Child sings talks but does not answer.
- Singing, shouting, muttering rhymes and prophesies.
- Loquacious, talk unintelligent, continuously changes topics.
- Twitching in muscles is a marked symptom.
- Aversion to work. Does not want to do his daily households.
- Talks continuously and jumps over one to another topic. Sings, talk but does not answer;
- Great mental excitement and incoherent talking;
- Mental confusion. Agaricus acts as an intoxicant to the brain, producing more vertigo and delirium than alcohol, followed by profound stupor with decrease reflexes.
- Weak memory, idiotic child.
- Shyness with low confidence.
- Aversion to strangers, hides himself behind chair.
- Physically dwarf stunted growth.
- Tendency of recurrent tonsillitis.
- Very sensitive to cold air, cold weather.
- Excellent homeopathy remedy for children with autism who have low IQ.
- Loss of memory; mental weakness.
- Lost confidence in himself; bashful; aversion to strangers.
- Childish; grief over trifles; irresolute; do not grow and develop.
- They are backward physically and mentally.
- Wonderful homeopathic medicine for autism spectrum disorder.
- Child is mild, yielding and sensitive to reprimands.
- Hyperactivity is not very marked in Carcinocin patients.
- May have interest in art work like drawing, singing, colouring etc.
- Affectionate and sympathetic patient.
- Autism in children with family history of cancer or strong history of diabetes and coronary artery disease in both paternal and maternal families.
- Child is often slow but agreeable and caring.
- Anaemic children who are peevish and irritable.
- Strong desire to go out.
- Traveling, motion desires.
- Recurrent tonsillitis or adenoiditis. Pain on opening of mouth.
- Mouth breathing
- Infants want to nurse all the time and vomits easily.
- Craving for salted smoked meat.
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